King John: Treachery and Tyranny in Medieval England: The Road to Magna Carta by Marc MorrisA rousing and authoritative new biography of the notorious King John, by Wall Street Journal bestselling author Marc Morris.
King John is one of those historical characters who needs little in the way of introduction. If readers are not already familiar with him as the tyrant whose misgovernment gave rise to Magna Carta, we remember him as the villain in the stories of Robin Hood.
Formidable and cunning, but also cruel, lecherous, treacherous and untrusting. Twelve years into his reign, John was regarded as a powerful king within the British Isles. But despite this immense early success, when he finally crosses to France to recover his lost empire, he meets with disaster. John returns home penniless to face a tide of criticism about his unjust rule. The result is Magna Carta – a ground-breaking document in posterity, but a worthless piece of parchment in 1215, since John had no intention of honoring it.
Like all great tragedies, the world can only be put to rights by the tyrant’s death. John finally obliges at Newark Castle in October 1216, dying of dysentery as a great gale howls up the valley of the Trent. 16 pages of color and B&W illustrations
How bad was King John? - 7 Minute History
Cultural depictions of John, King of England
He lost the Duchy of Normandy and most of his other French lands to King Philip II of France , resulting in the collapse of the Angevin Empire and contributing to the subsequent growth in power of the French Capetian dynasty during the 13th century. The baronial revolt at the end of John's reign led to the sealing of Magna Carta , a document sometimes considered an early step in the evolution of the constitution of the United Kingdom. Nicknamed John Lackland because he was not expected to inherit significant lands,  John became the King's favourite child following his surviving brothers' failed revolt of — He was appointed the Lord of Ireland in and given lands in England and on the continent. John unsuccessfully attempted a rebellion against Richard's royal administrators whilst his brother was participating in the Third Crusade.
King John was King of England from to In later years many poor reputations have been rolled back by modern supporters, and while John's financial management is now being reassessed, the anniversary of the Magna Carta saw almost every popular commentator criticize John for - at best - terrible leadership and at worst terrible oppression. While historians are more positive, this is not getting through. His missing gold appears in the national English newspapers every few years but is never found. It appears that John was the favored son of Henry, and so the king tried to find him large lands to live from. One grant of several castles, given when John was first to be married to an Italian heiress , provoked anger among his brothers and started a war between them.
King John r. The youngest son of Henry II r. His reign was marked by a string of unsuccessful military campaigns, a prolonged struggle with the Church and the baronial rebellion which led to Magna Carta. John used this income to fund his expensive wars in France, but still he failed to hold together the empire created by his father. John was an efficient and able administrator, but he was also unpredictable and aggressive.
He is famous for his involvement in Magna Carta, for losing the crown jewels in the Wash and as the villain of the Robin Hood legend. John was the youngest of the four legitimate sons of Henry II to survive infancy.
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British Broadcasting Corporation Home., It seems ironic then, that John Lackland was eventually to inherit the entire Angevin Empire.
Notes: Signed the Magna Carta at Runnymede, Reigned His reign saw renewal of war with Phillip II Augustus of France to whom he has lost several continental possesions including Normandy by He came into conflict with his Barons and was forced to Sign the Magna Carta. His later repudiation of the charter led to the first barons war during which John died. Burke says he was born in
King John. He was King of England from 6 April , until his death. His reign was marked by disputes between John and his barons and bishops. Because of this the nobles forced him to observe the agreement called Magna Carta , to limit his power. It introduced the idea that monarchs had limited rights and had to follow certain laws, and it gave the nobles more say in the government.