Don Quixote by Miguel de Cervantes SaavedraDon Quixote has become so entranced by reading chivalric romances, that he determines to become a knight-errant himself. In the company of his faithful squire, Sancho Panza, his exploits blossom in all sorts of wonderful ways. While Quixotes fancy often leads him astray – he tilts at windmills, imagining them to be giants – Sancho acquires cunning and a certain sagacity. Sane madman and wise fool, they roam the world together, and together they have haunted readers imaginations for nearly four hundred years.
With its experimental form and literary playfulness, Don Quixote generally has been recognized as the first modern novel. The book has had enormous influence on a host of writers, from Fielding and Sterne to Flaubert, Dickens, Melville, and Faulkner, who reread it once a year, just as some people read the Bible.
His novel Don Quixote has been translated, in full or in part, into more than 60 languages. Editions continue regularly to be printed, and critical discussion of the work has proceeded unabated since the 18th century. At the same time, owing to their widespread representation in art , drama , and film , the figures of Don Quixote and Sancho Panza are probably familiar visually to more people than any other imaginary characters in world literature. Cervantes was a great experimenter. He tried his hand in all the major literary genres save the epic.
His novel Don Quixote has been translated into over languages and dialects ; it is, after the Bible , the most-translated book in the world. Don Quixote , a classic of Western literature , is sometimes considered both the first modern novel  and the best work of fiction ever written. In , in forced exile from Castile , Cervantes moved to Rome, where he worked as chamber assistant of a cardinal. Then he enlisted as a soldier in a Spanish Navy infantry regiment and continued his military life until , when he was captured by Barbary pirates. After five years of captivity, he was released on payment of a ransom by his parents and the Trinitarians , a Catholic religious order, and he returned to his family in Madrid.
Miguel de Cervantes was born near Madrid in He became a soldier in and was badly wounded in the Battle of Lepanto. Captured by the Turks in , Cervantes spent five years in prison. After less successful earlier efforts, Cervantes finally achieved literary success in his later years, publishing the first part of Don Quixote in He died in
Q: Why is Don Quixote famous world-wide?
Cervantes biographer Jean Canavaggio, a literature professor, explains why the author remains an enduring literary figure and what makes The Ingenious Gentleman Don Quixote of La Mancha popular years after it was written. A: We say that Cervantes created the modern novel. There is some truth to this. He let his characters speak for themselves instead of a narrator recounting their tale. They somehow internalise their adventures…Don Quixote and Sancho Panza his squire belong to completely different worlds and they each have a point of view on the world which gives depth to the adventures of Don Quixote. It was translated and enjoyed great success but was seen as typifying Spain at the time.
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Published in two parts, in and , Don Quixote is the most influential work of literature from the Spanish Golden Age and the entire Spanish literary canon. A founding work of Western literature , it is often labeled "the first modern novel "  and is sometimes considered the best literary work ever written. The plot revolves around the adventures of a noble hidalgo from La Mancha named Alonso Quixano, who reads so many chivalric romances that he loses his mind and decides to become a knight-errant caballero andante to revive chivalry and serve his nation, under the name Don Quixote de la Mancha. He recruits a simple farmer, Sancho Panza , as his squire, who often employs a unique, earthy wit in dealing with Don Quixote's rhetorical monologues on knighthood , already considered old-fashioned at the time. Don Quixote, in the first part of the book, does not see the world for what it is and prefers to imagine that he is living out a knightly story. The book had a major influence on the literary community, as evidenced by direct references in Alexandre Dumas ' The Three Musketeers , Mark Twain 's Adventures of Huckleberry Finn , and Edmond Rostand 's Cyrano de Bergerac , as well as the word quixotic and the epithet Lothario ; the latter refers to a character in " El curioso impertinente " "The Impertinently Curious Man" , an intercalated story that appears in Part One, chapters 33—