Epistle to Dr. Arbuthnot by Alexander PopeThe Epistle to Dr. Arbuthnot is a satire in poetic form written by Alexander Pope and addressed to his friend John Arbuthnot, a physician. It was first published in 1735 and composed in 1734, when Pope learned that Arbuthnot was dying. Pope described it as a memorial of their friendship.
Alexander Pope, (born May 21, 1688, London, England--died May 30, 1744, Twickenham, near London), poet and satirist of the English Augustan period, best known for his poems An Essay on Criticism (1711), The Rape of the Lock (1712-14), The Dunciad (1728), and An Essay on Man (1733-34). He is one of the most epigrammatic of all English authors.
Popes father, a wholesale linen merchant, retired from business in the year of his sons birth and in 1700 went to live at Binfield in Windsor Forest. The Popes were Roman Catholics, and at Binfield they came to know several neighbouring Catholic families who were to play an important part in the poets life. Popes religion procured him some lifelong friends, notably the wealthy squire John Caryll (who persuaded him to write The Rape of the Lock, on an incident involving Carylls relatives) and Martha Blount, to whom Pope addressed some of the most memorable of his poems and to whom he bequeathed most of his property. But his religion also precluded him from a formal course of education, since Catholics were not admitted to the universities. He was trained at home by Catholic priests for a short time and attended Catholic schools at Twyford, near Winchester, and at Hyde Park Corner, London, but he was mainly self-educated. He was a precocious boy, eagerly reading Latin, Greek, French, and Italian, which he managed to teach himself, and an incessant scribbler, turning out verse upon verse in imitation of the poets he read. The best of these early writings are the Ode on Solitude and a paraphrase of St. Thomas ? Kempis, both of which he claimed to have written at age 12.
Windsor Forest was near enough to London to permit Popes frequent visits there. He early grew acquainted with former members of John Drydens circle, notably William Wycherley, William Walsh, and Henry Cromwell. By 1705 his Pastorals were in draft and were circulating among the best literary judges of the day. In 1706 Jacob Tonson, the leading publisher of poetry, had solicited their publication, and they took the place of honour in his Poetical Miscellanies in 1709.
This early emergence of a man of letters may have been assisted by Popes poor physique. As a result of too much study, so he thought, he acquired a curvature of the spine and some tubercular infection, probably Potts disease, that limited his growth and seriously impaired his health. His full-grown height was 4 feet 6 inches (1.4 metres), but the grace of his profile and fullness of his eye gave him an attractive appearance. He was a lifelong sufferer from headaches, and his deformity made him abnormally sensitive to physical and mental pain. Though he was able to ride a horse and delighted in travel, he was inevitably precluded from much normal physical activity, and his energetic, fastidious mind was largely directed to reading and writing.
Alexander Pope: “Epistle to Dr. Arbuthnot”
An Epistle to Dr. Arbuthnot , poem by Alexander Pope , completed in and published in January Pope wrote this poem in imitation of the Roman poet Horace , skillfully modulating the natural tempo of the rhymed couplets with enjambment , caesuras , and other forms of varied rhythm. Info Print Cite. Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback. See Article History.
The English poet Alexander Pope like his favorite Latin poet, Horace wrote many epistles, verse-letters meant at once for particular friends and for his reading public. Pope won fame in his own time and long afterward as a master of balanced rhyming couplets: most poets used them, but none as fluently as he did. One couplet can sound almost carefree, the next one grave; one can sound righteously indignant, the next wryly bemused. And every transition sounds just right. In pulling this off over the course of the poem, Pope offers a self-portrait that shows us just what sort of man he is.
An Epistle to Dr. Arbuthnot is a poem by Alexander Pope. Arbuthnot from here. Being a bold satirist, it had been quite usual for Pope to attract very rude criticism against him. Arbuthnot, a close friend, had advised him about not naming the people in his satires for naming whom Pope could land up in prison. So, one of the reasons for which Pope wrote the epistle was to thank the physician for his concern. The epistle could, very conveniently, be divided into seven parts.
ALEXANDER POPE Epistle to Dr. Arbuthnot With Critical Introduction, Tbxt, Exhaustive Notes & Questions etc. Dr. C. L. Sastri, M.A., Ph. D. Head of the Deptt. of.
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An Epistle to Dr Arbuthnot Alexander Pope Atticus
Search the history of over billion web pages on the Internet. Sastri, M. Head of the Deptt. No reproductions of any nature permissible unless allowed. The reader requires a knowledge of the contemporary men and matters for a proper appreciation of Pope's poetry.