Graziano’s review of The Shipwrecked Men
All the World is Human - Conquistadors (Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca)
Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca was born into a distinguished family in Jerez de la Frontera. In he joined the Florida expedition of Panfilo de Narvaez as treasurer and chief constable. After reporting to Viceroy Antonio de Mendoza in Mexico City, Cabeza de Vaca returned to Spain.
Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca
Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca
Cabeza de Vaca is remembered for his epic journey across the Americas. He was a survivor of the failed Narvaez expedition and would journey across the North American continent for eight years. He would pen books on his encounters with the natives that gave the perspective of who they were and how they conductive themselves. He would eventually return to Spain and would never return to the Americas. He was unlike the other Spanish Conquistadors in that he did not conquer with the sword because he did not have one, but he survived through intuition and tolerance.
Marooned on the Texas coast, he wandered for 8 years in a land no European had ever seen. His account is the earliest description of the American Southwest. His strange name, literally "head of a cow," was won by a maternal ancestor, Martin Alhaja, who showed King Sancho of Navarre a pass marked with a cow's skull. Use of this pass enabled Sancho to win the famous battle of Las Navas de Tolosa against the Moors in Raised by his paternal grandfather, Pedro de Vera, one of the conquerors and governor of the Canary Islands, Cabeza de Vaca joined the Spanish army in and served in Italy, Spain, and Navarre.
His memoirs, however, are one of the most important documents in early American history, for Cabeza de Vaca recorded what life was like in a region that would.
what shall it profit a man to gain the world
Cabeza de Vaca Facts: Exploration and Disaster
Spanish journer in north america. Early Life. His parents died while he was young, so he moved in with an aunt and uncle, and he probably had a fairly comfortable early life.
By September all but his party of 60 had perished; it reached the shore near present-day Galveston , Texas. In the following years he and his companions spent much time among nomadic Indians, serving as slaves in order to be cared for by them. Though he found only the gravest hardship and poverty during his wanderings, he made his way back to Mexico in He recounted his adventures in Naufragios. His power was usurped by a rebel governor, Domingo Martinez de Irala , who imprisoned him and had him deported to Spain , where he was convicted of malfeasance in office and banished to service in Africa. Info Print Cite. Submit Feedback.
By September all but his party of 60 had perished; it reached the shore near present-day Galveston, Texas. The survivors lived among the natives of the region for four years, and Cabeza de Vaca carved out roles as a trader and a healer in the community. In he and the other three surviving members of his original party set out for Mexico, where they hoped to connect with other representatives of the Spanish empire. They traveled through Texas, and possibly what are now New Mexico and Arizona, before arriving in northern Mexico in , where they met up with fellow Spaniards, who were in the region to capture slaves. After a brief term as governor of a province in Mexico, he became a judge in Seville, Spain, a position he occupied for the remainder of his life.
The following are additional facts and a timeline about the life and history of Cabeza de Vaca:. Cabeza de Vaca. Picture of Cabeza de Vaca. The Age of Exploration. The peasant was ennobled, given a new name Cabeza de Vaca - "head of a cow" and a coat of arms His parents were Francisco de Vera and Teresa Cabeza de Vaca Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca was well educated as befitted his status and would have been taught several languages, physics, geometry, mathematics, cartography and astronomy Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca heard the stories about the New World and joined the expedition to the New World lead by Pamfilo de Narvaez Pamfilo de Narvaez had been commissioned by Emperor Carlos V to colonize the entire Gulf Coast of the New World from Florida to Mexico. The men disembark and the land is claimed for Spain May 1, Narvaez announces his plans for the expedition to split between land and sea expeditions Various disasters befall the expedition which eventually result in the party which includes Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca is whittled down from 80 men to 15 men and finally, to an expedition of just four men who are captured by natives The four remaining explorers, thought to include the first Europeans in Texas, were: Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca Estevanico - a slave from North Africa Alonzo del Castillo Maldonado Andres Dorantes de Carranza.