Athena: The Origins and History of the Greek Goddess by Jesse Harasta*Includes pictures of important places and historic art depicting Athena and other Greek gods and goddesses.
*Explains the historical origins of the goddess and the mythological tales about her.
*Includes a Bibliography for further reading.
*Includes a Table of Contents.
“I begin to sing of Pallas Athene, the glorious goddess, bright-eyed, inventive, unbending of heart, pure virgin, saviour of cities, courageous, Tritogeneia. From his awful head wise Zeus himself bare her arrayed in warlike arms of flashing gold, and awe seized all the gods as they gazed. But Athena sprang quickly from the immortal head and stood before Zeus who holds the aegis, shaking a sharp spear: great Olympus began to reel horribly at the might of the bright-eyed goddess, and earth round about cried fearfully, and the sea was moved and tossed with dark waves, while foam burst forth suddenly...” – “The Hymn To Athena”, attributed to Homer
For the ancient Greeks, there were few divine beings more important, and more generous, to humanity than the goddess Athena, who was also called Pallas, Pallas Athena and (to the Romans) Minerva. The daughter of Zeus, Athena was famous as a virgin warrior woman who was born from her fathers skull bearing a helmet, shield and spear, but she was far more than simply a warrior goddess. She was at heart the patronage of civilization and all of the arts that made advanced human society possible. She was the mistress of weaving, navigation, craftsmanship, and she gave her patronage to defensive wars, wise laws, and the city itself. Since the city-state, known as a Polis by the Greeks, was the center of Ancient Greek life, law and politics, this made her all the more important as a deity, especially since she lent her name to one of the most famous of them all: Athens.
The pervasive nature of her influence in the Greeks’ everyday life has ensured that Athena remains one of the most instantly recognizable goddesses. She is mentioned in diverse works like Hesiods Theogony, Homers Iliad and Odyssey and several of Platos philosophical texts. These works shine light on what contemporary Greeks said about their goddess and how they understood the relationship she had with humanity. At the same time, there were temples, festivals, and everyday forms of worship that the Greeks dedicated to her. What did the worship of this goddess provide for her worshipers? How did belief in her existence fulfill their spiritual needs? How was she different from other members of the Greek pantheon?
This book explores the figure of Athena, including her origins, the stories told about her, the way she was worshiped and how she is remembered today. Along with pictures and a bibliography, you will learn about the Greek goddess like you never have before, in no time at all.
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Athena [b] or Athene , [c] often given the epithet Pallas , [d] is an ancient Greek goddess associated with wisdom, handicraft, and warfare  who was later syncretized with the Roman goddess Minerva. Her major symbols include owls , olive trees, snakes , and the Gorgoneion. From her origin as an Aegean palace goddess , Athena was closely associated with the city. She was known as Polias and Poliouchos both derived from polis , meaning "city-state" , and her temples were usually located atop the fortified acropolis in the central part of the city. The Parthenon on the Athenian Acropolis is dedicated to her, along with numerous other temples and monuments. As the patron of craft and weaving, Athena was known as Ergane.
By deTraci Regula. This temple, with its dramatic pillars, was built atop a sacred rock on a bastion around BC and is considered the earliest fully Ionic temple on the Acropolis. It was designed by architect Kallikrates, built in honor of Athena. It was rebuilt multiple times over the years, most recently from to Athena's Appearance : A young woman wearing a helmet and holding a shield, often accompanied by a small owl.
She was more of a stategist and a diplomat and was called upon to mediate in several disputes and wars amongst the Gods. She owned no weapons of her own borrowing them instead from Zeus. In Greek mythology, she was not just the Goddess of war she also taught Prometheus architecture, astrology, mathematics, medicine and navigation. Additionally she is accredited with the invention of spinning, weaving, the plough and rake. She is the Patron Goddess of the city of Athens where her most famous statue is situated in the Parthenon. This Goddess oversees the physical buildings and structures that protect the Greek people such as harbours, fortresses and law courts.
Athena is the Greek virgin goddess of reason, intelligent activity, arts and In fact , even Ares feared her; and all Greek heroes asked her for help and advice.
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Goddess of wisdom, war and the crafts , and favourite daughter of Zeus , Athena was, perhaps, the wisest, most courageous, and certainly the most resourceful of the Olympian gods. Zeus was told that his son would take his throne from him, just as he had taken power from his father Cronus. Epithets of Athena include Pallas girl and Parthenos virgin , living up to which, she is conspicuous amongst the gods for not indulging in illicit relationships with other divinities, demi-gods, or mortals. Other epithets were Promachos of war - perhaps referring to more patriotic, defensive, and strategic warfare , rather than attacking warfare, in contrast to her more aggressive, conflict-loving brother Ares , Ergane of the crafts , and Nike victory. Athena is also associated with household crafts, giving mortals the gifts of cooking and sewing. She is said to have invented the aulos but on seeing her reflection and her puffed cheeks when playing these pipes, she threw them away, to be picked up by the satyr Marsyas. She is closely associated with Athens , the city named in her honour after the people of Attica chose her as their patron following her gift of the olive tree, symbol of peace and plenty.
Goddess Athena was the mythological goddess of wisdom, but also the poetic symbol of reason and purity. Indeed, the Greek Mythology seems to be endlessly referring to Goddess Athena , one of the most known but also most influential Goddesses of all. Admired and celebrated, Athena really had a significant role in the Greek mythology and in the lives of the Athenians and all Greeks. This fact has been quite advanced for that time. The Symbol of Goddess Athena is the owl, a bird also associated with wisdom and intelligence. Athena keeps being an endless inspiration for artists of all kind and became a Roman Goddess as well, named Minerva.