Kathakali Aattakkathakal - ????? ?????????? by Sadanam K Harikumaran
"KATHAKALI " MALAYALAM MOVIE (POEM SONG) WRITTEN & SUNG BY NASIL P ,FILM BY O.S.K
However, Kathakali differs in that it also incorporates movements from ancient Indian martial arts and athletic traditions of South India. The dance symbolises the eternal fight between good and evil  . The most studied version of the Natya Shastra text consists of about verses structured into 36 chapters.
Sadanam K Harikumaran
History and Culture of Kottarakkara
Kottarakkara, a compound word made up of the words Kottaram , meaning "palace", and kara meaning "land", literally means "land of palaces". The area which had several palaces was thus named "Kottarakkara. Kathakali traced its origin to the ritualistic tantric period of the Vedic Age and connected its growth from the popular, folk dance dramas. It was believed that Kathakali was conceived from Krishnanattam, the dance drama on the life and activities of Lord Krishna created by the Samoothirippadu Samoothiri, Swamy Thirumulpad or Zamorin of Calicut. The legend is as follows: Once Kottarakkara Thampuran the Raja of Kottarakkara who was attracted by the tone of the Krishnanattam requested the Samoothirippadu for the loan of a troupe of performers on the eve of some festive occasion.
Kathakalideepika is an anthology of 19 articles on Kathakali, written on different occasions by S. Ganesa Iyyer, who earned unparalleled reputation as a discerning connoisseur of the art form. His thorough familiarity with the Puranas and history , coupled with scholarship in Sanskrit, classical music, musicology and dramaturgy stood him in good stead in appreciating and evaluating performances on the Kathakali or Koodiyattam stage. The Malayalam journal Nrithyakalaramgam used to feature his articles codifying directions or guidelines to artistes in presenting various characters, avoiding all pitfalls of inappropriateness. Even among those scenes only very few are given a place in the curriculum of training institutions like Kerala Kalamandam.
It is another "story play" genre of art, but one distinguished by its elaborately colorful make-up, costumes and face masks wearing actor-dancers, who have traditionally been all males Kathakali primarily developed as a Hindu performance art in the Malayalam-speaking southwestern region of India Kerala. Kathakali's roots are unclear. The fully developed style of Kathakali originated around the 17th century, but its roots are in temple and folk arts such as Kutiyattam and religious drama of southwestern Indian peninsula, which are traceable to at least the 1st millennium CE. A Kathakali performance, like all classical dance arts of India, includes music, vocal performers, hand and facial gestures to express ideas, and footwork. However, Kathakali differs in its style and incorporates movements from the ancient martial arts and athletic traditions of south India. Kathakali is also different in that the structure and details of its art developed in the courts and theatres of Hindu principalities, unlike other classical Indian dances which primarily developed in Hindu temples and monastic schools. The traditional themes of the Kathakali are folk mythologies, religious legends and spiritual ideas from the Hindu epics and the Puranas.
Kathakali is the dance drama from the south Indian state of Kerala. Raja as the former was written in local Malayalam language while the latter was in Sanskrit.
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Evolving from earlier forms of dance drama such as Koodiyattam , Ashtapadiyattom, Krishnattam and Ramanattom, it was performed in palaces and temples and at religious festivals. Kathakali draws its subject matter from the Hindu epics chronicling the lives, loves and conflicts of the gods and heroes of Indian mythology. Sacred Indian dance drama, such as Krishnattom and Ramanattom, emerged as part of Vaishnavism , when cultural influences were eroding the adherence of the people to Hindu traditions. The motivation and purpose of drama traditions such as Kathakali are very different from those of modern Western theater, which is usually intended either to stimulate reflection on moral issues, or simply to entertain an audience and evoke sentiments such as nostalgia and romance. Dance drama like Kathakali can be compared to ancient Greek theater, which was intended to bring about reflection on human nature and inspire higher thought in its audiences. Buddhist drama, such as that which developed in China and Japan , also attempted to engage the audience in self-reflection, in order to bring about a deeper understanding of the truth.
X Close. Kathakali Dance Kerala is the home of several traditional dance and dance - drama forms, the most notable being Kathakali. Kathakali, as a dance form popular today, is considered to be of comparatively recent origin. However, it is an art which has evolved from many social and religious theatrical forms which existed in the southern region in ancient times. In the temple sculptures in Kerala and the frescoes in the Mattancheri temple of approximately the 16th century, dance scenes depicting the square and rectangular basic positions so typical to Kathakali are seen. For body movements and choreographical patterns, Kathakali is also indebted to the early martial arts of Kerala. Kathakali is a blend of dance, music and acting and dramatizes stories, which are mostly adapted from the Indian epics.