Concentration Camps Quotes (32 quotes)
Liberators and Survivors: The First Moments
A look at Buchenwald concentration camp
Buchenwald concentration camp was the first to be liberated by the Allies in April , at the end of World War Two. There were around , prisoners interned at the camp over eight years. It is thought that more than 50, people were killed at the camp. But before the Allies arrived the SS guards guarding the camp ordered all prisoners to be evacuated and they attempted to burn as much evidence as possible. Prisoners began to be transported by train or marched on foot across Germany into occupied territory and away from the incoming Allied troops.
Buchenwald was one of the largest concentration camps established by the Nazis. The camp was constructed in in a wooded area on the northern slopes of the Ettersberg, about five miles northwest of Weimar in east-central Germany. Before the Nazi takeover of power, Weimar was best known as the home of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, who embodied the German enlightenment of the eighteenth century, and as the birthplace of German constitutional democracy in , the Weimar Republic. Buchenwald first opened for male prisoners in July Women were not part of the Buchenwald camp system until Prisoners were confined in the northern part of the camp in an area known as the main camp, while SS guard barracks and the camp administration compound were located in the southern part. The main camp was surrounded by an electrified barbed-wire fence, watchtowers, and a chain of sentries outfitted with automatically activated machine guns.
It was one of the first and the largest of the concentration camps within Germany's borders. Many actual or suspected communists were among the first internees. Prisoners from all over Europe and the Soviet Union— Jews , Poles and other Slavs , the mentally ill and physically disabled, political prisoners, Romani people , Freemasons , criminals, homosexuals , and prisoners of war—worked primarily as forced labor in local armaments factories. The insufficient food and poor conditions, as well as deliberate executions, led to 56, deaths at Buchenwald of the , prisoners who passed through the camp. Eisenhower visited one of its subcamps. From to , the camp was used by the Soviet occupation authorities as an internment camp, NKVD special camp Nr.
WEIMAR, Germany – Some details about the Buchenwald concentration camp that President Barack Obama visited Friday. The president's.
had a dream about you
Buchenwald concentration camp - part 1 of 2
Buchenwald was a Nazi concentration camp established in in east-central Germany near the city of Weimar. Initially, most of the inmates at Buchenwald were political prisoners, but after Kristallnacht in November , more than 10, Jews were imprisoned there. In January , more than 10, inmates from Auschwitz and other camps in Poland were taken to Buchenwald on death marches. Buchenwald was liberated by American troops on April 11, It is estimated that 56, prisoners were killed there, including around 11, Jews.
Buchenwald , one of the biggest of the Nazi concentration camps established on German soil. It stood on a wooded hill about 4. Set up in , it complemented the concentration camps of Sachsenhausen to the north and Dachau to the south and initially housed political prisoners and other targeted groups, including Jews. As in those other camps, the population of Buchenwald increased rapidly after Kristallnacht in November , when Jewish men aged 16—60 were arrested and incarcerated. Many of those prisoners were subsequently released if they could find a place to go outside of Germany.