The Truth about Kent State by Peter Davies
Dan Rather speaks on the Kent State shootings and America as a whole (FULL INTERVIEW)
The May 4 Shootings at Kent State University: The Search for Historical Accuracy
Americans of a certain age may remember the murder of students on the Kent State University campus 34 years ago and the anger it once aroused. On May 4, , 0hio National Guardsmen killed four college students and wounded nine others-one of them, Dean Kahler, is still paralyzed. He was, reported the FBI, yards from the riflemen when he was wounded. Yet no one was ever found responsible nor have the questions surrounding the calamity ever been stilled. The next day Nixon derided antiwar students everywhere as "bums. No one has ever determined who set the fire, though students were falsely blamed. On May 3, 0hio Governor James Rhodes, a Republican conservative running for the Senate he lost called antiwar students "worse than brownshirts and the Communist element and also the night riders and vigilantes.
Previously undisclosed FBI documents suggest that the Kent State antiwar protests were more meticulously planned than originally thought and that one or more gunshots may have been fired at embattled Ohio National Guardsmen before their killings of four students and woundings of at least nine others on that searing day in May As the nation marks the 40th anniversary of the Kent State antiwar protests Tuesday, a review of hundreds of previously unpublished investigative reports sheds a new — and very different — light on the tragic episode. The upheaval that enveloped the northeastern Ohio campus actually began three days earlier, in downtown Kent. Four officers suffered injuries, and the mayor declared a civil emergency. Only tear gas dispersed the mob. Among the strongest was a pre-dawn conversation — never before reported — between two unnamed men overheard inside a campus lounge later that night.
The discovery adds new perspective to -- and raises new questions about -- one of the signature events of the 20th century, after four decades of spirited discussion and research. Earlier this year, Allen and colleague Tom Owen examined the recording at The Plain Dealer's request and determined that Guardsmen were given an order to prepare to fire moments before they unleashed a second fusillade of rifle shots at a May 4, demonstration that killed four students and wounded nine others. What compelled the Guard to shoot is the central mystery of the iconic event, which galvanized sentiment against the Vietnam War. How the Kent State audiotape was analyzed. After uncovering the apparent command, Allen has continued to study and enhance the old recording, and determined this week that it also contains the clash and the pistol fire that precede the Guard volley. Though the tussle and pistol shots, if authenticated, match some key details of a confrontation several witnesses reported seeing or hearing involving a pistol-waving Kent State student named Terry Norman, they raise many new questions.
The impact of the shootings was dramatic. The event triggered a nationwide student strike that forced hundreds of colleges and universities to close.
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When Ohio National Guardsmen fired sixty-seven gun shots in thirteen seconds at Kent State University KSU on May 4, , they murdered four unarmed, protesting college students and wounded nine others. For forty-two years, the United States government has held the position that Kent State was a tragic and unfortunate incident occurring at a noontime antiwar rally on an American college campus. The new evidence threatens much more than the accuracy of accounts of the Kent State massacre in history books. As a result of this successful, ongoing Kent State government cover-up, American protesters today are at much greater risk than they realize, with no real guarantees or protections offered by the US First Amendment rights to protest and assemble. Following this massacre, there was an unparalleled national response: hundreds of universities, colleges, and high schools closed across America in a student strike of more than four million.
The Kent State shootings , also known as the May 4 massacre or the Kent State massacre ,    were the shootings on May 4, , of unarmed college students by members of the Ohio National Guard at Kent State University in Kent, Ohio , during a mass protest against the bombing of neutral Cambodia by United States military forces. Twenty-eight guardsmen fired approximately 67 rounds over a period of 13 seconds, killing four students and wounding nine others, one of whom suffered permanent paralysis. Some of the students who were shot had been protesting against the Cambodian Campaign , which President Richard Nixon announced during a television address on April 30 of that year. Other students who were shot had been walking nearby or observing the protest from a distance. There was a significant national response to the shootings: hundreds of universities, colleges, and high schools closed throughout the United States due to a student strike of 4 million students ,  and the event further affected public opinion, at an already socially contentious time, over the role of the United States in the Vietnam War. In November , the My Lai Massacre by American troops of between and civilians in a Vietnamese village was exposed, leading to increased public opposition in the United States to the war. The nature of the draft also changed in December , with the first draft lottery since World War II.