American Civil War Quotes (87 quotes)
CIVIL WAR 2?? Here's the truth about America's future...
10 Facts: What Everyone Should Know About the Civil War
The secession of the Southern states in chronological order, South Carolina , Mississippi , Florida , Alabama , Georgia , Louisiana , Texas , Virginia , Arkansas , Tennessee , and North Carolina in —61 and the ensuing outbreak of armed hostilities were the culmination of decades of growing sectional friction over slavery. Between and the economy of the Northern states was rapidly modernizing and diversifying. Although agriculture—mostly smaller farms that relied on free labour—remained the dominant sector in the North, industrialization had taken root there. Moreover, Northerners had invested heavily in an expansive and varied transportation system that included canals, roads, steamboats, and railroads; in financial industries such as banking and insurance; and in a large communications network that featured inexpensive, widely available newspapers, magazines, and books, along with the telegraph. By contrast, the Southern economy was based principally on large farms plantations that produced commercial crops such as cotton and that relied on slaves as the main labour force. Rather than invest in factories or railroads as Northerners had done, Southerners invested their money in slaves—even more than in land; by , 84 percent of the capital invested in manufacturing was invested in the free nonslaveholding states.
The Civil War profoundly shaped the United States as we know it today. Nevertheless, the war remains one of the most misunderstood events in American history. Here are ten basic facts you need to know about America's defining struggle. The American Civil War was fought between the United States of America and the Confederate States of America, a collection of eleven southern states that left the Union in and Abraham Lincoln grew up in a log cabin in Kentucky. He worked as a shopkeeper and a lawyer before entering politics in the s.
American Civil War (Part 1)
The American Civil War also known by other names was a civil war fought in the United States from to , between the North the Union and the South the Confederacy. The loyalists of the Union in the North, which also included some geographically western and southern states, proclaimed support for the Constitution. They faced secessionists of the Confederate States in the South, who advocated for states' rights in order to uphold slavery. Of the 34 U. The Confederacy grew to control at least a majority of territory in eleven states, and it claimed the additional states of Kentucky and Missouri by assertions from native secessionists fleeing Union authority , but without territory or population therein; these states were given full representation in the Confederate Congress throughout the Civil War.
Before and during the Civil War, the North and South differed greatly on economic issues. The war was about slavery, but primarily about its economic consequences. The northern elite wanted economic expansion that would change the southern slave-holding way of life. The southern states saw Abraham Lincoln and the Republicans making enormous changes to their way of life using free slave labor. Southerners believed that Abraham Lincoln, if elected, would restrict their rights to own slaves. When Lincoln became president 11 southern states seceded rather than to give up their economic system and their way of life.
The election of Abraham Lincoln in caused seven southern states to secede and form the Confederate States of America; four more states soon joined them. The conflict was the costliest and deadliest war ever fought on American soil, with some , of 2. In , the U. Congress passed the Kansas-Nebraska Act , which essentially opened all new territories to slavery by asserting the rule of popular sovereignty over congressional edict. On April 12, after Lincoln ordered a fleet to resupply Sumter, Confederate artillery fired the first shots of the Civil War.