Routine Activity and Rational Choice by Ronald V. ClarkeTwo new criminological approaches are defined and applied to categories of crime in Routine Activity and Rational Choice, now available in paperback. Routine activity analyzes the criminal event, and avoids motivations and psychology as topics for discussion, whereas rational choice approaches crime as purposive behavior designed to meet the offenders commonplace needs, such as money, status, sex, and excitement. These conceptual models are both employed to analyze such crimes as drunk driving, gun use, kidnapping, and political violence. This volume discusses the relationship of these theories to more traditional approaches to crime studies.The Advances in Criminological Theory series encourages theory construction and validation in the articles and themes selected for publication. It also furthers the free exchange of ideas, propositions, and postulates. Following publication of the first volume, Michael J. Lynch of Florida State University asserted that Advances in Criminological Theory is to be applauded as an attempt to revive criminological theory by providing an accessible outlet. Contributions to this volume include: Pierre Tremblay, Searching for Suitable Co-offenders; Raymond Paternoster and Sally Simpson, A Rational Choice Theory of Corporate Crime; Richard B. Felson, Predatory and Dispute-related Violence; Gordon Trasler, Conscience, Opportunity, Rational Choice, and Crime; Ezzat A. Fattah, The Rational Choice/Opportunity Perspectives as a Vehicle for Integrating Criminological and Victimological Theories; Patricia L. Brantingham and Paul J. Brantingham, Environment, Routine, and Situation; Maurice Cusson, A Strategic Analysis of Crime; Richard W. Harding, Gun Use in Crime, Rational Choice, and Social Learning Theory.
Routine Activities Theory
This chapter provides the opportunity to acknowledge this compatibility and to give shape to the informal collaboration that has existed for some years among the contributors and editors. It also provides an opportunity to consider the relationship between routine activity and rational choice and some other related theoretical and preventive approaches. The chapter discusses a fuller treatment of the relationship between these new approaches to crime and the traditional theories.
Ronald V. Clarke
102102585 Routine Activity and Rational Choice Clarke Ronald v y Felson Marcus
These theories aid our understanding of why, when, and where offenders choose to commit crime. Ashley Pick. Rational Choice, routine activities, and crime pattern theory These theories aid our understanding of why, when, and where offenders choose to commit crime. Interrelated with the idea of social disorganization are theories that seek to explain individual deviants within these subcultures and the thought processes involved with the committing of crime. Rational choice theory, developed by Derek Cornish and Ronald Clarke, states that a person considering committing a crime goes through the process of evaluating perceived risks, gains, needs, apprehension possibilities, punishment possibilities, and specific factors regarding the situation and target Lersch, Closely related to the theory of deterrence, targets of crime, which can include people, homes, or businesses, carry a perceived reward as well as a perceived risk. Offenders rationalize whether the reward is worth the general risk or if the fear of punishment outweighs the perceived gains Siegel,
Kittrie American University. No part of this book may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopy, recording, or any information storage and retrieval system, without prior permission in writing from the publisher. Searching for Suitable Co-offenders Pierre Tremblay 2. Harding 5. Felson 6.
Routine activity analyzes the criminal event, and avoids motivations and psychology as topics for discussion, whereas rational choice approaches crime as purposive behavior designed to meet the offender's commonplace needs, such as money, status, sex, and excitement. These conceptual models are both employed to analyze such crimes as drunk driving, gun use, kidnapping, and political violence.
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Routine activity theory is a sub-field of crime opportunity theory that focuses on situations of crimes. It was first proposed by Marcus Felson and Lawrence E. Cohen in their explanation of crime rate change in the United States - Unlike criminological theories of criminality, routine activity theory studies crime as an event, closely relates crime to its environment and emphasize its ecological process,  thereby diverting academic attention away from mere offenders. The premise of routine activity theory is that crime is relatively unaffected by social causes such as poverty , inequality , and unemployment.
Skip to content Ontario. This section of the report looks at rational choice theory and one of its subsidiaries, routine activities theory. The discussion will commence with an explanation of each of the theoretical perspectives. The research literature is then reviewed, exploring the applicability and limitations of the perspectives. This is followed by a brief consideration of potential policy implications.