The History Book Club - NATIVE AMERICANS: FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR Showing 1-37 of 37
History of the French and Indian War
At the peace conference, the British received the territories of Canada from France and Florida from Spain, opening the Mississippi Valley to westward expansion. During and , the French won a string of victories, defeating in quick succession the young George Washington , Gen. In , Governor Shirley, fearing that the French settlers in Nova Scotia Acadia would side with France in any military confrontation, expelled hundreds of them to other British colonies; many of the exiles suffered cruelly. The tide turned in because William Pitt, the new British leader, saw the colonial conflicts as the key to building a vast British empire. Borrowing heavily to finance the war, he paid Prussia to fight in Europe and reimbursed the colonies for raising troops in North America.
When Did the French and Indian War Take Place?
The war debt led Britain to raise taxes on the American Colonies, which they were not terribly happy about. In North America, Britain, relying on significant help from the Iroquois, defeated the French by setting up a blockade. As a result, the French gave up all their North American holdings, most of it going to Britain, and the rest to Spain. During the war, the colonists had been staunchly British. In fact, it was during this war that George Washington's military career began when he was humiliated at Fort Necessity. The colonists believed that by defeating the French, they would be able to expand further West. However, soon after the war ended, the British passed the Proclamation of , which designated western borders on the colonies, with the intention of preserving an "Indian State.