The Evolution of Man and Society by C.D. Darlington
The Evolution of Man and Society
Social relations and structure of society have gradually evolved from simplicity to complexity, in the same way that technical matters and tools have become complicated reaching up to space-ships. As in natural evolution, the structure of a creature with a single cell is simple in comparison with the body of an animal or human being. With one form gradually evolving into another, the form of human society has undergone a similar process of change. The structure of primitive and tribal societies is very simple. A man is a chief and the few tasks are probably divided by him among the members.
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The Evolution of Man and Society. C. harryandrewmiller.comgton. Allen and Unwin, London, ; Simon and Schuster, New York, pp., illus. $ By Garrett.
end of high school life quotes
MAN is a social animal. This adage is not inspired by religion at all. Why should the concept be worthy of our consideration? It should be mentioned that in the current intellectual landscape Muslims only exist at the periphery with the mainland and core position occupied by those who consider the end of all means and efforts to be the fulfilment and satisfaction of animal desires. The concept of man being a social animal tends to view humans as creatures dominated by animal instincts and desires, while also interested and inclined to build societies and live gregariously.
Much of Darwin's thinking about the evolution of societies in animals and humans has a distinctly modern feel about it and he commonly anticipates theoretical developments that only occurred years later. In The descent of man , Darwin turned to the evolution of human societies. He describes how vervet monkeys stretch out and groom each others coats and ends by telling a story illustrating the benefits of cooperation:. For nearly a years from Darwin's death, scientific attention was focussed on mechanistic and developmental questions rather than functional ones and Darwin's interest in social evolution and his holistic view of biological adaptation were eclipsed by the growth of other biological subdisciplines. A continuing interest in social behaviour was maintained though the research and writings of naturalists like Henri Fabre, Eugene Marais, the Keatons, Edmund Selous and Eliot Howard. However, although they were experienced naturalists and observers, they lacked Darwin's theoretical structure, his compelling interest in principles and his readiness to confront exceptions and difficulties. Not until the late s did a substantial number of professional biologists start to work on the social behaviour of animals.