Quote by Emmanuel Kant: “He who is cruel to animals becomes hard also in...”
The Moral Status of Animals
Jump to navigation. Contemporary animal rights and animal welfare advocates often make use of philosophers in the articulation and advancement of their movement. The works of Immanuel Kant an eighteenth-century philosopher and John Stuart Mill a nineteenth-century philosopher have been used more substantively in animal advocacy movements, though. He believed that in any given situation the right action would be the action that tended to minimize the suffering and pain, and maximize the pleasure and happiness, of all interested parties. He further thought that the suffering, pain, pleasure and happiness of animals should be included in this calculus. Another philosopher often discussed within animal advocacy movements is Immanuel Kant. Kant himself did not think that we had any direct ethical duties to animals.
First, we will consider the traditional view, which is that animals have no rights. Proponents of this view do not claim that it is permissible to cause pointless animal suffering, but they do insist that we have no obligations to the animals themselves. Immanuel Kant was an opponent of utilitarianism who wrote 70 years before Mill. We will discuss his theory in more detail in the coming weeks. Act as to treat humanity, both in your own person, and in the person of every other, always at the same time as an end, never simply as a means.
What place should non-human animals have in an acceptable moral system? These animals exist on the borderline of our moral concepts; the result is that we sometimes find ourselves according them a strong moral status, while at other times denying them any kind of moral status at all. For example, public outrage is strong when knowledge of "puppy mills" is made available; the thought here is that dogs deserve much more consideration than the operators of such places give them. Philosophical thinking on the moral standing of animals is diverse and can be generally grouped into three general categories: Indirect theories, direct but unequal theories, and moral equality theories. Indirect theories deny animals moral status or equal consideration with humans due to a lack of consciousness, reason, or autonomy. Arguments in this category consider the sentience of the animal as sufficient reason not to cause direct harm to animals.
Jul 1, This response is not unlike that of noted animal rights proponent, Tom .. and Education, (Cambridge Edition of the Works of Immanuel Kant).
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Is there something distinctive about humanity that justifies the idea that humans have moral status while non-humans do not? Providing an answer to this question has become increasingly important among philosophers as well as those outside of philosophy who are interested in our treatment of non-human animals. For some, answering this question will enable us to better understand the nature of human beings and the proper scope of our moral obligations. Some argue that there is an answer that can distinguish humans from the rest of the natural world. Many of those who accept this answer are interested in justifying certain human practices towards non-humans—practices that cause pain, discomfort, suffering and death. This latter group expects that in answering the question in a particular way, humans will be justified in granting moral consideration to other humans that is neither required nor justified when considering non-human animals. In contrast to this view, an increasing number of philosophers have argued that while humans are different in a variety of ways from each other and other animals, these differences do not provide a philosophical defense for denying non-human animals moral consideration.
English- Nederlands. This does not make his views less appropriate, especially because Kant argued that people who cause suffering to animals are likely to use this behaviour on other people also, and bring about a degree of harshness towards other human beings. In his theory of knowledge, Kant distinguishes the categorical and hypothetical imperative. The hypothetical imperative is the mainly realistic instruction which can be used in practice. This instruction can be linked to the present; for instance in the case of stray pets, that can be danger to themselves as well as to others. The best thing one can do is to call in the animal ambulance.