Psychological Types by C.G. Jung
One of the most important of Jungs longer works, and probably the most famous of his books, Psychological Types appeared in German in 1921 after a fallow period of eight years during which Jung had published little. He called it the fruit of nearly twenty years work in the domain of practical psychology, and in his autobiography he wrote: This work sprang originally from my need to define the ways in which my outlook differed from Freuds and Adlers. In attempting to answer this question, I came across the problem of types; for it is ones psychological type which from the outset determines and limits a persons judgment. My book, therefore, was an effort to deal with the relationship of the individual to the world, to people and things. It discussed the various aspects of consciousness, the various attitudes the conscious mind might take toward the world, and thus constitutes a psychology of consciousness regarded from what might be called a clinical angle.
In expounding his system of personality types Jung relied not so much on formal case data as on the countless impressions and experiences derived from the treatment of nervous illnesses, from intercourse with people of all social levels, friend and foe alike, and from an analysis of his own psychological nature. The book is rich in material drawn from literature, aesthetics, religion, and philosophy. The extended chapters that give general descriptions of the types and definitions of Jungs principal psychological concepts are key documents in analytical psychology
Carl Jung Personality Theory
Carl Jung was born in July 26, The psychologist has been vital in the world of psychology throughout his career, until his death in June 6, The types categorized by Carl Jung are present in all of us. But, certain types are predominant over the normal mode of organizing our experience. Carl Jung also developed a theory of personality. Introverts are people who prefer their own world of thoughts, dreams, feelings, fantasies and need private space. Interaction drains their energy whereas being alone energizes them.
Understanding Introversion, Extroversion, and the Eight Orientations
By Saul McLeod , published Carl Jung was an early supporter of Freud because of their shared interest in the unconscious., Have you ever felt like you learn best in a particular way? These learning styles impact how well we learn under certain conditions.
Jung's work was influential in the fields of psychiatry , anthropology, archaeology, literature, philosophy, and religious studies. During this time, he came to the attention of Sigmund Freud , the founder of psychoanalysis. The two men conducted a lengthy correspondence and collaborated, for a while, on a joint vision of human psychology. Freud saw the younger Jung as the heir he had been seeking to take forward his "new science" of psychoanalysis and to this end secured his appointment as President of his newly founded International Psychoanalytical Association. Jung's research and personal vision, however, made it impossible for him to bend to his older colleague's doctrine, and a schism became inevitable.
Carl Jung created eight distinct personality types. These orientations are the pairing of two attitudes: introversion and extroversion, and four functions. After some argument over the validity of psychoanalysis, Jung and Freud went their separate ways, and Jung went on to develop the analytical psychology, which differentiated the personal unconscious from the collective unconscious, which reflects the shared unconscious thoughts among humans. There are two opposing attitudes: introversion and extroversion. The two attitudes work as opposing, yet complementary forces and are often depicted as the classing yin and yang symbol. The introvert is most aware of his or her inner world.