Hitlers Last Gamble: The Battle of the Bulge, December 1944-January 1945 by Trevor N. DupuyA spectacular breakdown of maps and information about WWII and the Battle of the Bulge. Excellent details, easy reading, and perfect balance of German and Allied information. It was wonderful to see several divisions, including German and British companies, listed and their time in the battle cataloged. I really appreciated finding tidbits about the 35th Infantry Division, which was a huge draw for me to read it at this time, and the day to day battle breakdown. This was a fantastic resource and wonderful for research purposes. Kudos to the author for fitting so much information into such an easy to read format. The maps and pictures were a great asset to following the battle as well. This is one of my favorite nonfiction WWII reads.
54 Battle Of The Bulge Photos That Capture The Nazis’ Brutal Last Ditch Counteroffensive
Contributor: C. Peter Chen. He decided to call for a large-scale offensive with the intension to cause heavy casualties and to divide the Allied forces, therefore cutting off certain Allied units of their supplies and surrounding others. Should the Allies be dealt a major blow in the west, Hitler thought, he would be in a much better position to defend against a likely winter offensive by the Russians. He realized it was a gamble, knowing that a failed major offensive might spell the final doom for Germany; however, "I am determined to hold fast to the execution of this operation, regardless of any risk," he said, "even if the enemy offensives on both sides of the Metz and the imminent attack on the Rhine territory lead to great terrain and town losses.
It was a German offensive intended to drive a wedge between the American and British armies in France and the Low Countries and recapture the port of Antwerp in The Netherlands to deny the Allies use of the port facilities. It fell far short of its goals but managed to create a bulge in the American lines 50 miles wide and 70 miles deep, which gave the struggle its alliterative name. The initial German attack force consisted of more than , men, around 1, tanks and assault guns including the new ton Tiger II tanks and 1, artillery pieces, supported by 2, aircraft, the latter including some Messerschmitt Me jets. In the opening phases of the battle, they would be facing only some 80, men, less than pieces of armor and about artillery guns. Many of the American troops were inexperienced; the German force included battle-hardened veterans of the tough fighting on the Eastern Front, but they, too, had green units filled with boys and with men who normally would have been considered too old for military service. During the course of the month-long battle, some , German, , American and 55, British troops became involved.
The volumes in the overall series will be closely related and will present a comprehensive account of the activities of the Military Establishment during World War II. For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U. Advisory Committee As of 1 July
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Allied forces in the Ardennes consisted primarily of American troops - some new and inexperienced, others exhausted and battle-worn. The Germans had some initial success. They achieved complete surprise and pushed westwards through the middle of the American line, creating the 'bulge' that gave the battle its name. But this success was short-lived. The quick arrival of Allied reinforcements and the Americans' tenacious defence of the vital road junctions at Bastogne and St Vith slowed the German advance.
Army Group B :. It was launched through the densely forested Ardennes region of Wallonia in eastern Belgium , northeast France , and Luxembourg , towards the end of the war in Europe. The offensive was intended to stop Allied use of the Belgian port of Antwerp and to split the Allied lines, allowing the Germans to encircle and destroy four Allied armies and force the Western Allies to negotiate a peace treaty in the Axis powers ' favor. The Germans achieved a total surprise attack on the morning of 16 December , due to a combination of Allied overconfidence, preoccupation with Allied offensive plans, and poor aerial reconnaissance due to bad weather. American forces bore the brunt of the attack and incurred their highest casualties of any operation during the war. The battle also severely depleted Germany's armored forces, and they were largely unable to replace them.
On Dec. It was called the Battle of the Bulge — named for the massive, bulging line of more than , men and 4, pieces of artillery that moved on the Allied Army. It was the largest and bloodiest battle that American soldiers would ever fight. Nearly half-a-million Nazi soldiers pounced on the Allied Army, catching them unaware in a heavy snowstorm. It began with a massive, minute long artillery barrage that blasted the Allied soldiers. After months of victories, the Allies were forced to fall back. In Malmedy , Belgium, a troop of American soldiers surrendered to the advancing Nazi army.