An Introduction to Sociolinguistics by Janet Holmeslearning about languageGeneral Editors: Geoffrey Leech and Mick Short, Lancaster UniversityWhat is sociolinguistics?This introductory textbook provides a penetrating answer to this question, explaining basic sociolinguistic concepts through a wide range of examples, and by drawing on classic approaches to the subject as well as from the most recent research. The book is conveniently divided into three sections: Section one shows how language is used in multilingual speech communities and explains the varying patterns of language use. Janet Holmes examines how and why languages change within society and highlights the factors that lead to the displacement of one language by another and sometimes the death of a language. Section two explores social reasons for language change, looking at language change in monolingual communities and the features of a variety of dialects. The author shows how and why differing racial and social groups develop and maintain speech variations. The final section assesses how attitudes to language affect speech and shows that linguistic responses depend on a variety of contextual factors - for example, the status of the person being addressed and our re
An Introduction to Sociolinguistics (Learning about Language)
Chapter 6. Regional and Social Dialects. The chapter focuses on language variation in monolingual communities. International varieties differ:. On the accent level:. The word dad pronounced by a New Zealander would sound like dead to a British speaker.
BOOK NOTICES Wallace Chafe, in 'Seneca speaking styles and the location of authority' , shows how the correlation of speaking style with responsibility is made evident in the three most common Seneca speaking styles—conversational , 'preaching', and 'chanting' or thanksgiving -ritual. Chafe contrasts the three styles in terms of four dimensions: prosody from free to highly stylized , formulaicity from low to high , sentence integration from fragmented to highly integrated , and epistemology from uncertain to certain. Chafe's analysis supports the finding 'that an increasingly remote authority for what is being said is likely to be indexed in a variety of identifiable, gradient linguistic features ' Correspondingly, the Seneca thanksgiving speech, which conveys remote knowledge the authority for which is distant from everyday experience, is highly stylized prosodically, highly formulaic, and characterized by highly integrated sentences and a prevalence of particles and verbs of certainty. This is an important book because it looks at meaning in a stimulating way. By Janet Holmes. This book is conceived as a sociolinguistics textbook for form 6 and university undergraduate students.