Edison and the Electric Chair: A Story of Light and Death by Mark EssigA Discover magazine Top Science Book
Thomas Edison stunned America in 1879 by unveiling a world-changing invention--the light bulb--and then launching the electrification of Americas cities. A decade later, despite having been an avowed opponent of the death penalty, Edison threw his laboratory resources and reputation behind the creation of a very different sort of device--the electric chair. Deftly exploring this startling chapter in American history, Edison & the Electric Chair delivers both a vivid portrait of a nation on the cusp of modernity and a provocative new examination of Edison himself.
Edison championed the electric chair for reasons that remain controversial to this day. Was Edison genuinely concerned about the suffering of the condemned? Was he waging a campaign to smear his rival George Westinghouses alternating current and boost his own system? Or was he warning the public of real dangers posed by the high-voltage alternating wires that looped above hundreds of Americas streets? Plumbing the fascinating history of electricity, Mark Essig explores Americas love of technology and its fascination with violent death, capturing an era when the public was mesmerized and terrified by an invisible force that produced blazing light, powered streetcars, carried telephone conversations--and killed.
Down Syndrome: Occupational Therapy Demonstration
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Dr John Langdon Down is the first person to have identified this syndrome in so this genetic disorder has been called by his name. As a doctor he worked in a hospital where there were many patients who were slow with their development. Most children born with Down syndrome will grow up to lead happy, healthy and productive lives. Some children will need only a little bit of help, and others will need more support. Some will have major health problems which need to be treated. People with Down Syndrome also look different to each other - they can have different hair colour and skin colour and shapes of their faces - like other people in their families.
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Down syndrome DS , also called Trisomy 21, is a condition in which a person is born with an extra chromosome. Chromosomes contain hundreds, or even thousands, of genes. Genes carry the information that determines your traits features or characteristics passed on to you from your parents.
My daughter Sophie is almost fourteen. She has Down syndrome. A few weeks ago, she invited me to speak at Career Day at her middle school. She wanted me to talk about the book I wrote about her. Turns out, what Sophie really wanted was for me to explain Down syndrome to the other kids at her school. Since Sophie was born, her father and I have been so focused on getting her what she needs — government services, therapies , heart surgery, more heart surgery, the right teachers, the right IEPs , spots on the cheerleading team and in drama class — that it had never occurred to me that her peers had needs, too. Or that it mattered.
This post is part of Parentlode. Read Lisa Belkin's introduction here. A few months back, I mentioned to our daughter Penny that she would be meeting another little boy who had Down syndrome, just like her. She didn't say anything in response, but later on that day, when Penny was at school and William was getting ready for a nap, he said, "Mom, what down syn mean? I nodded slowly, realizing that he was envisioning making music, and grateful that he didn't have a concept of "sin" on hand. So I said, "Well, it's all one word, and it doesn't have anything to do with an instrument.
Right away, I noticed that she was seated next to a girl with Down syndrome. I kissed her goodbye, and I started to prepare myself for the questions that are inevitable. Thankfully, I had the day to think about it while she was at school. How was I going to explain Down syndrome to her? Should I use medical terms? Do I make it short or long?