Authors similar to Jean Piaget
Lifespan Psychology - Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development
Jean Piaget - Intellectual Development
Piaget's theory of cognitive development explains how a child constructs a mental model of the world. He disagreed with the idea that intelligence was a fixed trait, and regarded cognitive development as a process which occurs due to biological maturation and interaction with the environment. Piaget was employed at the Binet Institute in the s, where his job was to develop French versions of questions on English intelligence tests. He became intrigued with the reasons children gave for their wrong answers to the questions that required logical thinking. He believed that these incorrect answers revealed important differences between the thinking of adults and children. Piaget was the first psychologist to make a systematic study of cognitive development. His contributions include a stage theory of child cognitive development, detailed observational studies of cognition in children, and a series of simple but ingenious tests to reveal different cognitive abilities.
He is thought by many to have been the major figure in 20th-century developmental psychology. He held professorships at the University of Lausanne —51 and the Sorbonne — Soon afterward, however, he became interested in psychology, combining his biological training with his interest in epistemology. In Paris Piaget devised and administered reading tests to schoolchildren and became interested in the types of errors they made, leading him to explore the reasoning process in these young children. By he had begun to publish his findings; the same year brought him back to Switzerland , where he was appointed director of the Institut J. Rousseau in Geneva. In he established the International Centre of Genetic Epistemology at Geneva and became its director.
Jean Piaget's Cognitive Development: Ex-Schema Me?
Jean Piaget was a Swiss psychologist and genetic epistemologist. He is most famously known for his theory of cognitive development that looked at how children develop intellectually throughout the course of childhood. Prior to Piaget's theory, children were often thought of simply as mini-adults. Instead, Piaget suggested that the way children think is fundamentally different from the way that adults think. His theory had a tremendous influence on the emergence of developmental psychology as a distinctive subfield within psychology and contributed greatly to the field of education. He is also credited as a pioneer of the constructivist theory, which suggests that people actively construct their knowledge of the world based on the interactions between their ideas and their experiences.