Enlightenment Quotes (1548 quotes)
APUSH Review: Video #9: The 1st Great Awakening, Anglicization, & The Enlightenment
The Enlightenment and the Great Awakening.
Both movements began in Europe, but they advocated very different ideas: the Great Awakening promoted a fervent, emotional religiosity, while the Enlightenment encouraged the pursuit of reason in all things. On both sides of the Atlantic, British subjects grappled with these new ideas. Edwards was an evangelical preacher who led a Protestant revival in New England. This was his most famous sermon, the text of which was reprinted often and distributed widely. During the eighteenth century, the British Atlantic experienced an outburst of Protestant revivalism known as the First Great Awakening. A Second Great Awakening would take place in the s. During the First Great Awakening, evangelists came from the ranks of several Protestant denominations: Congregationalists, Anglicans members of the Church of England , and Presbyterians.
Enlightenment philosophy and Great Awakening Christianity were very different, but both influenced the American colonies and American Revolution and both frame our thinking today. Its practitioners adhered to the scientific method of testing hypotheses through rigorous, repeatable experimentation. Ancient Greeks, inventors of the first organized sporting events the Olympics , also promoted hard-nosed, constructive debate and organized competition in law, politics, philosophy, and science. Scientific research, in other words, takes for granted the insufficiency of old knowledge. Science and technology fused in the Renaissance when the Florentine Medicis patronized weapons research by Michelangelo and Leonardo da Vinci, leading to advances in optics and physics, and alchemists helped jumpstart legitimate chemistry by trying to make synthetic gold. Then, like now, war and money spurred science, with ramifications spilling over into medicine, astronomy, and even political science. By the late 17th and 18th centuries, the Renaissance application of reason to the natural and social world morphed into various strands known collectively as the Age of Enlightenment.
Cameron Addis, Ph.D.
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Both ideas brought about a better understanding of the role of government in governing its people, the function of religion in the State, and a more general keener awareness of the rights of man. However, overall, the Enlightenment played the most pivotal role in bringing the American Revolution to fruition. The ages of Great Awakening and Enlightenment were two of the earliest movements in the early colonies. These movements proved that people can be influenced in many different ways in relation to politics and religion. The Great Awakening called for the revival of the evangelical movement, while the age of Enlightenment took the focus off of the traditional church and dared colonists to apply individualistic views of religion, thus birthing many new religious denominations that challenged traditional.