How does the odyssey end

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how does the odyssey end

The Odyssey Quotes by Homer

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A Long and Difficult Journey, or The Odyssey: Crash Course Literature 201

Homer's Odyssey - the year return home of the Greek hero Odysseus after the Trojan war - is, like all ancient epics since Gilgamesh c BC , a combination of myth, folk-tale and heroics embellished with local detail for local consumption.

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The Odyssey is one of the great works of ancient Western literature, written eight centuries before the birth of Christ and four centuries after the fall of Troy. Generations of classicists have pored over the many lines of Homer's epic description of the long journey taken by the hero Odysseus to his home island of Ithaca. Now two scholars have found evidence to support the idea that one line, in the poem's 20th book, refers to a total solar eclipse that occurred on 16 April BC — the day when Odysseus returned home to kill his wife's suitors. If true, this would date the fall of Troy itself to precisely BC. It takes Odysseus 10 years to reach Ithaca after the year Trojan war. During his time away, his young son, Telemachus, has grown into a man and his faithful wife, Penelope, is besieged by unruly suitors desperate to gain her hand in marriage. The Odyssey is the story of a long and great journey involving the beautiful nymph Calypso — who enslaves Odysseus for seven years as her lover — helpful divinities such as Athena and vengeful gods such as Poseidon.

Chris Mackie does not work for, consult, own shares in or receive funding from any company or organisation that would benefit from this article, and has disclosed no relevant affiliations beyond their academic appointment. The Odyssey of Homer is a Greek epic poem that tells of the return journey of Odysseus to the island of Ithaca from the war at Troy, which Homer addressed in The Iliad. In the Greek tradition, the war lasted for ten years. Odysseus then spent a further ten years getting home in the face of hostility from Poseidon, god of the earth and sea. He finds that young men from the local vicinity have invaded his house to put pressure on his wife Penelope to marry one of them. A stalemate exists, and it is only resolved by a bow contest at the end of the poem, which then leads to a slaughter of all the suitors by Odysseus and his son Telemachus.

For a long time, some readers have felt that the ending of the Odyssey smells a little fishy. According to these wise guys, everything after Odysseus and Penelope go to bed together—including all of Book XXIV—was added later by somebody other than Homer. Why would they think that?
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From Revenge to Vendetta

The final book opens with Hermes, the traditional guide, leading the souls of the dead suitors to the Land of the Dead commonly referred to as Hades. These souls pass such Greek heroes as Achilles and Agamemnon. - I believe Homer intended it that way as in he deliberately composed 23 and 24, afterthought or not… and I think he had good reasons to.

It is, in part, a sequel to the Iliad , the other Homeric epic. The Odyssey is fundamental to the modern Western canon ; it is the second-oldest extant work of Western literature, while the Iliad is the oldest. Scholars believe the Odyssey was composed near the end of the 8th century BC, somewhere in Ionia , the Greek coastal region of Anatolia. The poem mainly focuses on the Greek hero Odysseus known as Ulysses in Roman myths , king of Ithaca , and his journey home after the fall of Troy. It takes Odysseus ten years to reach Ithaca after the ten-year Trojan War.

Toggle navigation. Marks, Zeus in the Odyssey Preface Introduction 1. Oresteia and Odyssey 2. Ogygie to Ithake 3. The End s of the Odyssey 4. After the Odyssey 5.

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