Sermao de Santo Antonio aos Peixes by Antonio VieiraO Sermao de Santo Antonio aos Peixes foi proferido na cidade de Sao Luis do Maranhao em 1654, na sequencia de uma disputa com os colonos portugueses no Brasil.
O Sermao de Santo Antonio aos Peixes constitui um documento da surpreendente imaginacao, habilidade oratoria e poder satirico do Pe. Antonio Vieira, que toma varios peixes (o roncador, o pegador, o voador e o polvo) como simbolos dos vicios daqueles colonos.
Com uma construcao literaria e argumentativa notavel, o sermao pretende louvar algumas virtudes humanas e, principalmente, censurar com severidade os vicios dos colonos. Este sermao (alegorico) foi pregado tres dias antes de Padre Antonio Vieira embarcar ocultamente (a furto) para Portugal, para obter uma legislacao justa para os indios.
Todo o sermao e uma alegoria, porque os peixes sao a personificacao dos homens.
''Sermao de Sto. Antonio aos Peixes'' (Padre Antonio Vieira) dito por Ary dos Santos (1?ed.1999)
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Your input will affect cover photo selection, along with input from other users. It was preached in the context of the conflict between the colony's settlers and the Jesuits , who reiterated Pope Urban VIII 's prohibition against Indian slavery. The sermon comprises an elaborate allegory: borrowing from the familiar legend of his namesake Saint Anthony 's preaching to the fish commonly cited in his hagiography , Vieira uses the different kinds of fish as metaphors for men, drawing direct parallels between the dynamics between big and little fish and those between colonists and the Indians. Vieira made great efforts to convert the African slaves and indigenous peoples of Brazil , but soon found every difficulty was placed in his way by the colonial authorities:  they not only set the wrong example with the scandalous sins of war, adultery, concubinage, blasphemy, but, more importantly, they profited hugely from their exploitation of the enslaved natives. The Jesuits in the colony wished to evangelize the natives, for which it was imperative to spare them a destructive servitude. Conflicts between the settlers and the Jesuits in Brazil went as far as , and were to last until the latter were banished in
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