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The Iraqi government responded by formally annexing Kuwait on August 8. Egypt and several other Arab nations joined the anti-Iraq coalition and contributed forces to the military buildup, known as Operation Desert Shield. Iraq meanwhile built up its occupying army in Kuwait to about , troops. By January the allied coalition against Iraq had reached a strength of , troops, including , U. Saddam steadfastly refused to withdraw Iraqi forces from Kuwait, however, which he maintained would remain a province of Iraq. Operation Desert Sabre , a massive allied ground offensive, was launched northward from northeastern Saudi Arabia into Kuwait and southern Iraq on February 24, and within three days Arab and U. Meanwhile, the main U.
Kuwaiti civilian losses: Over 1, killed  missing people  Iraqi civilian losses: About 3, killed . Liberation of Kuwait. The war has also earned the nickname Video Game War after the daily broadcast of images from cameras on board US bombers during Operation Desert Storm. On 2 August the Iraqi Army invaded and occupied Kuwait , which was met with international condemnation and brought immediate economic sanctions against Iraq by members of the UN Security Council. Bush deployed US forces into Saudi Arabia, and urged other countries to send their own forces to the scene. An array of nations joined the coalition, forming the largest military alliance since World War II. The great majority of the coalition's military forces were from the US, with Saudi Arabia, the United Kingdom and Egypt as leading contributors, in that order.
Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein ordered the invasion and occupation of neighboring Kuwait in early August Alarmed by these actions, fellow Arab powers such as Saudi Arabia and Egypt called on the United States and other Western nations to intervene. After 42 days of relentless attacks by the allied coalition in the air and on the ground, U. President George H. Bush declared a cease-fire on February 28; by that time, most Iraqi forces in Kuwait had either surrendered or fled.
Background of the Persian Gulf War
Definition and Summary of the Gulf War Summary and Definition: The Gulf War 2 August — 28 February , was a major conflict in the Persian Gulf region between coalition forces from 34 nations led by the United States against Iraq to prevent oil reserves falling under the control of the dictator of Iraq, Saddam Hussein. Iraq failed to meet the deadline to withdraw from Kuwait which led to Operation Desert Storm 17 January — 28 February , the combat phase of the Gulf War. The Gulf War was a heavily televised war and every night people all over the world watched live pictures of the conflict referred to as Operation Desert Storm. Gulf War: Map of the Middle East. One of the important events during his presidency was the Gulf War.
To many the Gulf War is known as the Persian Gulf War, but over time it was abbreviated by dropping the word Persian at the start. The Gulf War started on August 2nd in the year and officially finished on February 28th , although the conflict carried on for another four years thereafter. After the Iran-Iraq War the country of Iraq was essentially bankrupt. This position meant that Iraq asked for fellow countries Saudi Arabia and Kuwait to forgive the debt it owed to them as payment for Iraq stopping Iran from pushing its way through the Middle East. Both Saudi Arabia and Kuwait declined and said they still wanted payment which infuriated Iraq.
Immediately condemned by the international community, Iraq was sanctioned by the United Nations and given an ultimatum to withdraw by January 15, As the fall passed, a multi-national force assembled in Saudi Arabia to defend that nation and to prepare for the liberation of Kuwait. On January 17, coalition aircraft began an intense aerial campaign against Iraqi targets. Despite requests, neither nation was willing to forgive these debts. In July , Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein left began openly making threats of military action. On August 2, Iraqi forces launched a surprise attack against Kuwait and quickly overran the country. Immediately following the invasion, the United Nations issued Resolution which condemned Iraq's actions.