Star Spangled Banner: The Flag That Inspired the National Anthem by Lonn TaylorThe very flag that Francis Scott Key saw still flying over Fort McHenry in 1814, inspiring him to write the poem that became the national anthem of the United States, is on display at the Smithsonian Institutions National Museum of American History in Washington, D.C. In this splendid history, Lonn Taylor recounts the story of the Star-Spangled Banner and describes the restoration project now underway to ensure the continued preservation of this honored symbol of American patriotism.With the restoration project continuing to enjoy media attention as a featured part of Hillary Rodham Clintons campaign to save Americas treasures, this celebration of the beloved flag -- and the feelings of pride it stirs in the hearts of Americans -- will be a valued souvenir and memento of our national heritage.
But the decision was far from simple. To this colorful history, football player Colin Kaepernick adds another refrain of discontent. He has taken a knee during some performances. The athlete has cited police brutality against black people and other forms of racial injustice for his refusal to stand for the anthem. But many others have criticized the athlete, including the Santa Clara police union, which has threatened to boycott 49ers games. Kaepernick has been booed and heckled at recent games by fans who see his behavior as disrespectful and inappropriate. The tradition of standing for the national anthem is rooted in federal law, according to historians.
The anthem had been recognized for official use by the United States Navy in , and by President Woodrow Wilson in The playing of the song during the seventh-inning stretch of the first game of the World Series, and thereafter during each game of the series, is often erroneously cited as the first instance that the anthem was played at a baseball game. On April 15, , Rep.
survive paint wars chicago 2015
Key was inspired by the large U., Simmering anger at Britain for interfering in American trade, impressing U.
It gained special significance during the Civil War, a time when many Americans turned to music to express their feelings for the flag and the ideals and values it represented. By the s, the military had adopted the song for ceremonial purposes, requiring it to be played at the raising and lowering of the colors. Although this arrangement is often used in nonmilitary performances, there is no single official version of the anthem designated for civilian use. Courtesy Maryland Historical Society. By the early s the Star-Spangled Banner was a fixture at public ceremonies and celebrations. Courtesy of Library of Congress.
After a century of general use, the four-stanza song was officially adopted as the national anthem by an act of Congress in The melody was used repeatedly throughout the 18th and 19th centuries with lyrics that changed with the affairs of the day. The first stanza , somewhat humorous, reads as follows:. Atlee was written for the abolitionist cause. Its first stanza is as follows:. This version of the song remained popular and well known through the War of , until Key wrote his new lyrics and appropriated the tune.