Universal Declaration of Human Rights by United NationsThe Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) is a declaration adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on 12/10/48 at Palais de Chaillot, Paris. The Guinness Book of Records describes the UDHR as the Most Translated Document in the world. It consists of thirty articles which outline the view of the General Assembly on the human rights guaranteed to all people. The International Bill of Human Rights consists of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the International Covenant on Economic, Social & Cultural Rights, & the International Covenant on Civil & Political Rights & its two Optional Protocols. In 1966 the General Assembly adopted the two detailed Covenants which complete the International Bill of Human Rights. In 1976, after the Covenants had been ratified by a sufficient number of individual nations, the Bill took on the force of international law.
Universal Declaration of Human Rights
Marriage and Family. Every grown-up has the right to marry and have a family if they want to. Men and women have the same rights when they are married, and when they are separated. The Right to Your Own Things. Everyone has the right to own things or share them.
It has been translated into more than languages worldwide, and more than African languages. The full text of its 30 articles in English can be found by clicking the subsequent links. All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood. More on the innate freedom and equality. You are here: Start Universal Declaration Article 1.
Guide to International Procedures Available in Cases of Human Rights Violations in Africa
Drafted by representatives with different legal and cultural backgrounds from all regions of the world, the Declaration was proclaimed by the United Nations General Assembly in Paris on 10 December General Assembly resolution A as a common standard of achievements for all peoples and all nations. It sets out, for the first time, fundamental human rights to be universally protected and it has been translated into over languages. Download PDF.
Of the then 58 members of the United Nations, 48 voted in favor, none against, eight abstained , and two did not vote. The Declaration consists of 30 articles affirming an individual's rights which, although not legally binding in themselves, have been elaborated in subsequent international treaties, economic transfers, regional human rights instruments, national constitutions, and other laws. The Declaration was the first step in the process of formulating the International Bill of Human Rights , which was completed in , and came into force in , after a sufficient number of countries had ratified them. Some legal scholars have argued that because countries have constantly invoked the Declaration for more than 50 years, it has become binding as a part of customary international law. Alvarez-Machain , concluded that the Declaration "does not of its own force impose obligations as a matter of international law. Cassin worked from a first draft, which was prepared by John Peters Humphrey.