Alexander the Great Quotes (Author of Quotes... Ancient Greeks)
How Alexander the Great Conquered the Persian Empire
For more than two centuries, the Achaemenid Empire of Persia ruled the Mediterranean world. Alexander III was born in B. Tutored in his youth by Aristotle and trained for battle by his father, Philip II, Alexander the Great grew to become a powerful imperialist. His undermanned defeat of the Persian King Darius III at the Battle of Gaugamela is seen as one of the decisive turning points of human history, unseating the Persians as the greatest power in the ancient world and spreading Hellenistic culture across a vast new empire. Alexander owed a tremendous debt to his father for leaving him a world-class army led by experienced and loyal generals. The Macedonian Phalanx, a rectangular infantry formation, was developed by Philip II of Macedon and used by his son Alexander the Great to conquer other armies.
He spent most of his ruling years on an unprecedented military campaign through Asia and northeast Africa, and by the age of thirty, he had created one of the largest empires of the ancient world, stretching from Greece to northwestern India. During his youth, Alexander was tutored by Aristotle until age Alexander was awarded the generalship of Greece and used this authority to launch his father's pan-Hellenic project to lead the Greeks in the conquest of Persia. Following the conquest of Anatolia , Alexander broke the power of Persia in a series of decisive battles, most notably the battles of Issus and Gaugamela. Alexander endeavoured to reach the "ends of the world and the Great Outer Sea" and invaded India in BC, winning an important victory over the Pauravas at the Battle of the Hydaspes. He eventually turned back at the demand of his homesick troops, dying in Babylon in BC, the city that he planned to establish as his capital, without executing a series of planned campaigns that would have begun with an invasion of Arabia.
British Broadcasting Corporation Home. Alexander was educated by the philosopher Aristotle. Philip was assassinated in BC and Alexander inherited a powerful yet volatile kingdom. He quickly dealt with his enemies at home and reasserted Macedonian power within Greece. He then set out to conquer the massive Persian Empire. Against overwhelming odds, he led his army to victories across the Persian territories of Asia Minor, Syria and Egypt without suffering a single defeat. The young king of Macedonia, leader of the Greeks, overlord of Asia Minor and pharaoh of Egypt became 'great king' of Persia at the age of
Beginnings of the Persian expedition
Philip II of Macedon (359 to 336 B.C.E.)
During his leadership, from to B. He also became the king of Persia, Babylon and Asia, and created Macedonian colonies in the region. The young prince and his sister were raised in Pella's royal court. Growing up, the dark-eyed and curly-headed Alexander hardly ever saw his father, who spent most of his time engaged in military campaigns and extra-marital affairs. Although Olympia served as a powerful role model for the boy, Alexander grew to resent his father's absence and philandering. Alexander received his earliest education under the tutelage of his relative, the stern Leonidas of Epirus.
Due to the sheer scale of these wars, and the fact that Alexander was generally undefeated in battle, he has been regarded as one of the most successful military commanders of all time. By the time of his death, he had conquered most of the world known to the ancient Greeks. Alexander assumed the kingship of Macedonia following the death of his father Philip II , who had unified  most of the city-states of mainland Greece under Macedonian hegemony in a federation called the Hellenic League. Alexander had already made more plans prior to his death for military and mercantile expansions into the Arabian Peninsula , after which he was to turn his armies to the west Carthage , Rome , and the Iberian Peninsula. However, Alexander's diadochi quietly abandoned these grandiose plans after his death. Instead, within a few years of Alexander's death, the diadochi began fighting with each other, dividing up the Empire between themselves, and triggering 40 years of warfare. Philip II was assassinated by the captain of his bodyguard , Pausanias.
All rights reserved. The legend of this painting, "Alexander cutting the Gordian Knot," is that in B. Jean-Simon Berthelemy , a French history painter, painted this oil on canvas. The vast Eurasian empire that Alexander the Great B. When Athens was left unstable by the interminable Peloponnesian War, Philip saw an opening and took it; he subdued Greece around B. While Philip was at war, Alexander studied math, archery, and other subjects with tutors, including the renowned philosopher Aristotle. The precocious Alexander was already a seasoned commander in the Macedonian army when he became king at the age of 20 in B.