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History of Liverpool
Liverpool was years old in and held the European Capital of Culture crown in Famous for music in the Beatles and others, and football clubs, however there is much more to Liverpool. A city rich in world history - Gateway to America and second city of the world's largest ever empire. Near to both Chester and Ribbchester, there is some evidence of Roman activity in the Liverpool area. Coins and Jewellery have been found across the region and the remains of a Roman era road were reportedly found running between Garston and Otterspool.
The history of Liverpool can be traced back to when the place was known as 'Liuerpul', possibly meaning a pool or creek with muddy water, though other origins of the name have been suggested. The borough was founded by royal charter in by King John, was made up of only seven streets in the shape of the letter 'H' but Liverpool remained a small settlement until its trade with Ireland and coastal parts of England and Wales was overtaken by trade with Africa and the West Indies , which included the slave trade. The world's first wet dock was opened in and Liverpool's expansion to become a major city continued over the next two centuries. By the start of the nineteenth century, a large volume of trade was passing through Liverpool. In , the World's first passenger train Liverpool and Manchester Railway was opened.
The s was a time of great change in Britain — especially after the immediate post-war austerity years. In the city centre, war-damaged buildings were being repaired and new developments were springing up. Richly illustrated with archive photographs, Liverpool in the s recalls the unique fashions of the decade, the changing modes of transport, the shops and businesses that were around at this time, as well as the developments that took place in the city during this exciting decade, when anything seemed possible.
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Liverpool began as a tidal pool next to the River Mersey. It was probably called the lifer pol meaning muddy pool. There may have been a hamlet at Liverpool before the town was founded in the 13th century. It is not mentioned in the Domesday Book but it may have been too small to merit a mention of its own. King John founded the port of Liverpool in The English had recently conquered Ireland and John needed another port to send men and supplies across the Irish Sea. John started a weekly market by the pool.
Celebrating its th birthday in , the now great city port of Liverpool actually evolved from a small fishing village on the tidal banks of the River Mersey in northwest England. It is likely that its name also evolved from the term lifer pol meaning muddy pool or puddle. Not large enough even to warrant a mention in the Domesday Book of , Liverpool appears to have sprung to life when King John granted it a Royal Charter in John needed to establish a port in northwest England from which he could quickly dispatch men and supplies across the sea to reinforce his interests in Ireland. As well as port, a weekly market was also started which of course attracted folk from all over the area to Liverpool; even a small castle was built.