Mccarthyism Quotes (20 quotes)
What is McCarthyism? And how did it happen? - Ellen Schrecker
In the early s, American leaders repeatedly told the public that they should be fearful of subversive Communist influence in their lives. Communists could be lurking anywhere, using their positions as school teachers, college professors, labor organizers, artists, or journalists to aid the program of world Communist domination. No one dared tangle with McCarthy for fear of being labeled disloyal. Any man who has been named by a either a senator or a committee or a congressman as dangerous to the welfare of this nation, his name should be submitted to the various intelligence units, and they should conduct a complete check upon him. Despite his popularity and his enormous political capital, they believed, Ike refused to engage directly with McCarthy. By avoiding the Red-hunting senator, some have argued, Eisenhower allowed McCarthyism to continue unchecked.
In he was elected to the U. Senate, and in he publicly charged that communists had infiltrated the U. State Department. Reelected in , he became chair of the Senate's subcommittee on investigations, and for the next two years he investigated various government departments and questioned innumerable witnesses, resulting in what would be known as the Red Scare. A corresponding Lavender Scare was also directed at LGBT federal employees, causing scores of citizens to lose their jobs.
McCarthyism , name given to the period of time in American history that saw Wisconsin Sen. Joseph McCarthy produce a series of investigations and hearings during the s in an effort to expose supposed communist infiltration of various areas of the U. The term has since become a byname for defamation of character or reputation by means of widely publicized indiscriminate allegations, especially on the basis of unsubstantiated charges. McCarthyism is part of the Red Scare period of American history in the late s and s. During that time, Wisconsin Senator Joseph McCarthy produced a series of investigations and hearings to expose supposed communist infiltration of various areas of the U. The term McCarthyism has since become a byname for defamation of character or reputation by indiscriminate allegations on the basis of unsubstantiated charges.
In the s, thousands of Americans who toiled in the government, served in the army, worked in the movie industry, or came from various walks of life had to answer that question before a congressional panel. Senator Joseph McCarthy rose to national prominence by initiating a probe to ferret out communists holding prominent positions., Wisconsin Republican senator Joseph R.
McCarthyism is the practice of making accusations of subversion or treason without proper regard for evidence. What would become known as the McCarthy era began before McCarthy's rise to national fame. Following the First Red Scare , in , President Truman signed an executive order to screen federal employees for association with organizations deemed "totalitarian, fascist, communist, or subversive", or advocating "to alter the form of Government of the United States by unconstitutional means. The Korean War started the next year, raising tensions in the United States. In a speech in February , Senator McCarthy presented an alleged list of members of the Communist Party working in the State Department, which attracted press attention.
These televised hearings gave the American public their first view of McCarthy in action, and his recklessness, indignant bluster, and bullying tactics quickly resulted in his fall from prominence. Thus began his dizzying rise to fame as the most famous and feared communist hunter in the United States. By , however, his power was beginning to wane. While he had been useful to the Republican Party during the years of the Democratic administration of President Harry S. Eisenhower took over the White House in were becoming political liabilities. The hearings were a fiasco for McCarthy. A few weeks later, the Army hearings dribbled to a close with little fanfare and no charges were upheld against the Army by the committee.