Off the Planet: Surviving Five Perilous Months Aboard the Space Station Mir by Jerry M. LinengerOn January 2, 1997, Jerry M. Linenger launched aboard the Space Shuttle Atlantis en route to an historic rendezvous: the Space Station Mir, where he was to be one of the few American astronauts to formally partner with Russian cosmonauts, as part of a joint initiative to prepare for a New International Space Station. the 11-year old Mir was battered and dilapidated, and operating far beyond its design life. Still few anticipated that Linengers Mir mission would be part of what has become known as one of the most dangerous in the 36-year history of manned space travel.
ìèð -/mir/ - peace, world
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Mir , in Russian history, a self-governing community of peasant households that elected its own officials and controlled local forests, fisheries, hunting grounds, and vacant lands. After serfdom was abolished , the mir was retained as a system of communal land tenure and an organ of local administration. It was economically inefficient; but the central government, having made members of the commune collectively responsible for the payment of state taxes and the fulfillment of local obligations, favoured it. Despite the efforts of Prime Minister Pyotr A. Stolypin , who initiated a series of agricultural reforms encouraging peasants to assume private ownership, the peasantry universally reverted to communal landholding after the Revolution. Info Print Cite. Submit Feedback.
It had a greater mass than any previous spacecraft. At the time it was the largest artificial satellite in orbit, succeeded by the International Space Station ISS after Mir 's orbit decayed. The station served as a microgravity research laboratory in which crews conducted experiments in biology , human biology , physics , astronomy , meteorology , and spacecraft systems with a goal of developing technologies required for permanent occupation of space. Mir was the first continuously inhabited long-term research station in orbit and held the record for the longest continuous human presence in space at 3, days, until it was surpassed by the ISS on 23 October Mir was occupied for a total of twelve and a half years out of its fifteen-year lifespan, having the capacity to support a resident crew of three, or larger crews for short visits. Following the success of the Salyut programme , Mir represented the next stage in the Soviet Union's space station programme.
Mir was a space station that operated in low Earth orbit from to , owned at first by the Soviet Union and then by Russia. Mir was the first modular space station and was assembled in orbit from to It had a greater mass than that of any previous spacecraft. It held the record for the largest artificial satellite orbiting the Earth until that record was surpassed by the International Space Station after Mir's deorbit on 21 March Mir served as a microgravity research laboratory in which crews conducted experiments in biology, human biology, physics, astronomy, meteorology and spacecraft systems in order to develop technologies required for the permanent occupation of space. The station was the first consistently inhabited long-term research station in space and was operated by a series of long-duration crews.